Ex-Post Effects of Circuit Breakers in Crisis and Calm Markets: Long Horizon Evidence from Wide-Band Malaysian Price Limits

Abstract

Despite regulatory claims of straitening volatility and preventing crashes, evidences on circuit breakers’ ability to achieve so are non-conclusive. While previous scholars study general performances of circuit breakers, we examine whether Malaysian price limits aggravate volatility, impede price discovery, and interfere with trading activities in both tranquil and stressufl periods. For calm markets, we find significant success of upper limits in tempering volatility with low trading interference. Lowe limits show mixed results. Conversely, in crisis markets limits fare poorly in nearly all aspects, particularly for lower limits. We highlight implications of our findings for stakeholders and suggest future research avenues.

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Under review at Journal of Economic Studies

JEL Classifications: D43, D47, D53

Keywords: Price Limits, Trading Halts, Malaysia, Financial Crisis, Circuit Breakers, Emerging Markets

Revisiting Fiat Regime’s Attainability of Shari’ah Objectives and Possible Futuristic Alternatives

Maqasid of Shari’ah is a millennium old theory on the higher objectives of Islamic divine law. As the discipline of Islamic economics and finance grew in politico-economic importance in the past three decades, a cathartic trend has emerged among Muslim experts to realign economic and financial practices with not merely the minimum legal requirements of religion but also the wisdom and crucial objectives of Shari’ah. An expositive example of this is the monetary economics debate of a Shari’ah consonant currency. Though vast majority of religious clerics have approbated fiat and paper currencies in strict legal terms since the 1980s, a revisionist movement since the mid-1990s seeks to counter it—some going as far as indorsing reversion to gold and silver coinage of medieval Islamic epoch of affluence. Unlike orthodox fiqhi (strict jurisprudentialism) approach that involves legalese with little leeway, Maqasid approach concerns itself with the spirit of the law. This paper operates in the exciting laboratory of Maqasidic framework to appraise the multitudinous role of fiat currency in protecting economic, political, and social public interests, prevention of harm, promotion of egalitarianism, and attainment of ultimate utopic vision of theological and spiritual demands in Shari’ah. The paper contributes, theoretically, by introducing several moral-philosophical arguments against fiat’s compatibility with Shari’ah, and, practically, by prognosticating the future course of discourse in light of advancements in technological innovations—including nascent crypto-currencies.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13602004.2018.1435057

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